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外研版七年级上英语重点语法总结与训练

文章出处:LOL外围 人气:发表时间:2021-10-11 20:41
本文摘要:Starter Module 1 My teacher and my friends 主系表结构 主系表结构由“主语+系动词+表语”组成,系动词主要是指be动词,其变形am, is, are的基本意思为“是”,用来说明某人的年事、身份、身体状况等,在英语中起着很是重要的作用。1. 肯定句式为:主语+am/is/are+其他。I am a student. 我是一名学生。(说明主语I的身份) They are my friends. 他们是我的朋侪。

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Starter Module 1 My teacher and my friends 主系表结构 主系表结构由“主语+系动词+表语”组成,系动词主要是指be动词,其变形am, is, are的基本意思为“是”,用来说明某人的年事、身份、身体状况等,在英语中起着很是重要的作用。1. 肯定句式为:主语+am/is/are+其他。I am a student. 我是一名学生。(说明主语I的身份) They are my friends. 他们是我的朋侪。

2. 动词be的否认式就是在其后加not,且可以缩写为“isn’t,aren’t”,可是am与not不能缩写。He is not a teacher. He isn’t a teacher. 他不是一名教师。You are not Chinese. You aren’t Chinese. 你/你们不是中国人。

3. be动词的一般疑问句式是把be动词提至句首,第一个字母要大写,句末用问号。This is a map. 这是一张舆图。

Is this a map? 这是一张舆图吗? They are from Xinjiang. 他们来自新疆。Are they from Xinjiang? 他们来自新疆吗? 语法专练 一、用be动词的适当形式填空。1. I _______ a boy in Class Two. 2. Daming ______ my good friend. 3. _______ she a student? 4. Where ______ you from? We _______ from England. 5. How _______ Tony and Betty? They _______ fine. 二、句型转换。

1. He is in Class Four. (改为否认句) He ________ in Class Four. 2. We are from England. (改为否认句) We ________ from England. 3. I am from Beijing. (改为一般疑问句,并作否认回覆) _______ ________ from Beijing? _______, I _______ _________. 4. Daming is twelve years old. (改为一般疑问句,并作肯定回覆) _______ Daming twelve years old? _______, he ______. 主语 系动词 表语 Starter Module 2 My English lesson 祈使句 1. 祈使句可用来表现下令、请求和建议等意义的句子。它的主语you通常省略,谓语动词用原形,表达的是未来的行动。句末用叹息号或句号。

Stand up, please. 请站起来。Sit down! 坐下! 2. 为了表现委婉的语气,可在句首或句尾加上please,但please加在句尾时,前面要用逗号离隔。Please put up your hands. 请举手。

Close your books, please. 请合上书。3. 为了明确向对方提出请求或发出下令,可加称谓语,但称谓语要用逗号与句子离隔。Open your books, boys and girls. 同学们打开你们的书。

Please listen to me, Lingling. 玲玲,请听我说。基数词 1. 基数词就是用来表现数量的单词。

英语中就基数词提问时,用how many。How many boys are there in your class? 你们班里有几多男生? There are nineteen boys. 有19个男孩。

2. 基数词的书写。①1~10:one, two, three, four, five, six, seven, eight, nine, ten ②11~20: eleven, twelve, thirteen, fourteen, fifteen, sixteen, seventeen, eighteen, nineteen, twenty ③整十:ten, twenty, thirty, forty, fifty, sixty, seventy, eighty, ninety ④其他数字:整十-个位数 twenty-two 22 forty-five 45 fifty-three 53 语法专练 一、用祈使句表达下面图片的内容。1. 请写在黑板上。

__________________________________________ 2. 举起你的手。__________________________________________ 3. 星期三我们一起去游泳吧。__________________________________________ 二、写出对应的英语数词。

8 _____________ 20 ____________ 29 _____________ 46 ____________ 12 _____________ 19 ____________ 83 _____________ 94 ____________ Starter Module 3 My English book 特殊疑问句 1. 特殊疑问句由特殊疑问词来引导。现在我们学过what, how, how many, how old, what colour等引导的一般疑问句。What’s your name, pleasse? 请问你叫什么名字? How are you? 你好吗? How many boys are there? 这里有几多男孩? How old are you? 你多大了? What colour is the cat? 这只猫是什么颜色的? 2. 特殊疑问句的语序为“特殊疑问词+一般疑问句”,特殊疑问词在句中有两个作用:一是起引导作用,二是在句中继承一定的句子身分。

What’s your telephone number? 你的电话号码是几多? How do you spell “pencil”? 你怎样拼写“pencil”? What’s this in English? 这个用英语怎么说? What class are you in? 你在哪个班? 语法专练 凭据答语写出问句 1. _______________________________________ It’s a map. 2. _______________________________________ It’s black. 3. _______________________________________ It’s C-L-A-S-S-R-O-O-M. 4. _______________________________________ I’m fine, thank you. 5. _______________________________________ I’m Mike. 6. _______________________________________ It’s 987654321. 7. _______________________________________ I’m in Class Three, Grade Seven. 8. _______________________________________ I’m twelve. 9. _______________________________________ There are 54 students in my class. Starter Module 4 My everyday life 特殊疑问句 what引导的特殊疑问句,可以询问星期几,天气,最喜欢的体育运动,在几年级几班等等。1. 特殊疑问词what day提问星期几。这是常用it来指代时间作主语,也可以用today, tomorrow等名词作主语。答语用It is…或Today/Tomorrow is…。

What day is it today? 今天星期几? It is Monday. 今天星期一。What day is it tomorrow? 明天星期几? Tomorrow is Tuesday. 明天星期二。

2. 询问天气用What’s the weather like?来提问,what’s是what is的缩写。凭据句意表达需要,句型后可以加时间或所在状语,同时泛起时间和所在时,一般先说所在后说时间。

答语用it来指代天气。What’s the weather like in Xi’an in summer? 夏天西安的天气怎么样? It’s hot. 天气很热。

3. What’s your favourite…? 用来提问“你最喜欢的„„是„„”,favourite后跟名词。答语用It’s…或直接用名词作简略回覆。What’s your favourite day? 你最喜欢星期几? Sunday. 星期天。

What’s your favourite animal? 你最喜欢的动物是什么? It’s dog. 是狗。语法专练 凭据答语完成对话中的特殊疑问句。1. _______ ______ ______ ______ today? Today is Wednesday. 2. _______ ______ ______ ______ ? It’s yellow. 3. _______ ______ _______ ______ in summer? Swimming. 4. _______ your favourite sport? Basketball. 5. _______ ______ ______ ______ in autumn? It’s cool.Module 1 My classmates be动词的用法 一、动词be作谓语时,和后面的表语一起组成系表结构,说明主语的身份、年事、状态等。1. 说明身份。

I’m your teacher and you’re my students. 我是你们的老师,你们是我的学生。Tony and Betty are our friends. 托尼和贝蒂是我们的朋侪。

2. 说明年事。I’m thirteen years old. 我13岁。Emma is thirteen years old too. 艾玛也是13岁。3. 说明状态。

We are in our classroom now. 我们现在在教师里。Shanghai is a very big city. 上海是一个很是大的都会。

It’s nice to see you all here. 在这儿看到大家很是兴奋。二、be动词的常用句式。

1. 陈述句是“主语+be+表语+其他”; She is a new student in my class. 她是我们班上新来的学生。2. 一般疑问句把be提到主语之前,组成疑问句语序,即“Be+主语+其他”; She is from England. 她来自英格兰。

Is she from England? 她来自英格兰吗? I am from China. 我来自中国。Are you from China? 你来自中国吗? We are good friends. 我们是好朋侪。Are you good friends? 你们是好朋侪吗? 3. 特殊疑问句是“特殊疑问词+be动词的一般疑问句”。Where are you from? 你来自那里? 语法专练 Tony: Hi, my name ______ Tony. What ______ your name? Daming: Hi, Tony. I ______ Daming. Where ______ you from? Tony: I’m from London. It ______ a very big city. This ______ Jack, and this ______ Betty. They ______ my friends. Daming: It ______ nice to meet you, Jack and Betty. Jack and Betty: Nice to meet you too. How old ______ you, Daming? Daming: I’m twelve years old. What about you? Tony: I ______ twelve years old too. Jack and Betty ______ thirteen years old. 注意第一人称第二人称 Module 2 My family this, these, that, those 1. this, that, these和those在英语中称作指示代词。

this和that是单数,复数是these和those。指示代词含有偏向性,用来指示或标识人或物。

this, these指较近的人或物,that, those指较远的人或物。This is my family photo. 这是我的全家照。

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That’s my pencil. 那是我的铅笔。These are my parents. 这是我的怙恃。

Those are Uncle Paul’s son and daughter. 那是保罗叔叔的儿子和女儿。2. 指示代的疑问句是把助动词提到指示代词之前,答语中this, that一般用it取代,these和those用they取代。This is a farm. 这是一个农场。

(肯定句) Is this a farm? 这是一个农场吗? (一般疑问句) Yes, it is. 是的,它是。(肯定回覆) No, it isn’t. 不,它不是。(否认回覆) Those are my grandparents. 那是我的外祖怙恃。(肯定句) Are those your grandparents? 那是你的外祖怙恃吗?(一般疑问句) Yes, they are. 是的,他们是。

(肯定回覆) No, they aren’t. 不,他们不是。(否认回覆) 3. 指示代词可以单独使用,也可修饰名词。These are desks and those are chairs. 这些是桌子,那些是椅子。

These boys are from Class One. Those girls are from Class Two. 这些男孩来自一班。那些女孩来自二班。

语法专练 用this, that, these, those, they, it填空。1. Look here. What’s ________? _______ is a photo of my family. 2. Can you see the man over there? Is ______ Lily’s father? 3. Are _______ your books in this bag? No, _______ aren’t. 4. Are these boys from America? Yes, _______ are. 5. Are ________ Uncle Paul’s son and daughter in that photo? Yes, _______ are. 注意人称变化 Module 3 My school there be句型的用法 1. there be句型表现“某处有某物”或“某处有某人”等,种种句式见下表: 肯定 否认 疑问 回覆 There is a computer on the teacher’s desk. 老师的讲桌上有台电脑。There isn’t computer on the teacher’s desk. 老师的讲桌上没有电脑。

Is there a computer on the teacher’s desk? 老师的讲桌上有电脑吗? Yes, there is. 是的,有。No, there isn’t. 不,没有。There is some hot water for you. 给你准备了些热水。There isn’t any hot water for you. 没有给你准备热水。

Is there any hot water for me? 有给我准备热水吗? Yes, there is. 是的,有。No, there isn’t. 不,没有。There are some buildings in our school. 在我们学校里有一些修建物。

There aren’t any buildings in our school. 在我们学校里没有修建物。Are there any buildings in your school? 你们学校有一些修建物吗? Yes, there are. 是的,有。

No, there aren’t. 不,没有。2. there be 句型中的主语是be动词后的名词,所以be动词的单复数取决于be动词后名词的单复数形式,注意be动词的单复数遵循就近原则,即第一个名词的单复数决议be动词的单复数。There is some furniture and books in the library. 图书馆里有一些家具和书籍。

There are some books and furniture in the library. 图书馆里有一些书和家具。语法专练 按要求完成下列题目。1. There are some computers in the classroom.(改为否认句) _______ ________ ________ ________ in the classroom. 2. There are some pictures on the wall. (改为一般疑问句并作肯定和否认回覆) _______ ________ ________ ________ on the wall? _______, ________ _________. _______, ________ _________. 3. There is a television and some computers in the computer room. (改为同义句) _______ ________ ________ ________ and a television in the computer room. 4. There are six science labs in the science building. (对画线部门提问) _______ ________ ________ ________ _________ in the science building? 介词或介词短语表现方位 一、英语中的介词或介词短语可以表现方位。

介词又称前置词,它不能单独作句子的身分,必须与句词、代词或相当于名词的其他词类、短语组成介词短词才气充当句子的身分。1. at在(某所在):at the station 在车站 at school 在学校 2. in在„„上/里:in the playground 在操场上 in the library 在图书馆里 3. on在„„上:on the desk 在桌面上 on the blackboard 在黑板上 4. near在四周:near the school gate 在学校大门四周 near the hotel 在旅馆四周 5. behind在„„后面:behind the building 在修建物的后面 behind the wall 在墙的后面 6. on the left/right 在左/右边 7. in front of 在„„前面(不在物体规模内) The library is in front of the science building. 图书馆在科学楼的前面。8. in the front of (在物体规模内) The teacher’s desk is in the front of the classroom. 老师的讲桌在课堂的前面。9. in the middle of 在„„中间 The playground is in the middle of the school. 操场在学校的中间。

10. between 在„„之间 between…and… 在„„和„„之间 The library is between the dining hall and the science lab. 图书馆在餐厅和科学实验室之间。二、介词短语在句中的作用: 1. 修饰名词,位于名词的后面,翻译时常凭据汉语习惯放在名词前。The building on the left is the sports hall. 左边的修建物是体育馆。2. 位于be动词的后面,说明主语所处的位置。

The sports hall is on the left. 体育馆在左边。3. 修饰动词,说明行动发生的所在。

Write it on the left. 把它写在左边。语法专练 1. Is Tony _______ Tom’s right? Yes. Tom is ________ the left _______ Tony. 2. Is the library ________ the sports hall? No, it’s in front of it. 3. Where is the library? It’s _______ the school gate. 4. The office building is ________ the library and the science building. 5. Let’s put up some pictures ________ the wall. 6. There are many people ________ the station. Module 4 Healthy food have/has got的用法 1. have/has got 的用法。have/has got意为“有,拥有”,用于口语中,同have/has。

第三人称单数用has,其他人称用have。肯定句句型为“主语+have/has got +名词或代词”,变疑问句时把have/has提到主语之前;变否认句时,在have/has后加not。答语中使用助动词have/has往返答。

助动词have/has可以和主语组成缩写形式,也可以和not组成缩写形式haven’t或hasn’t。We have got some meat in the fridge. (= We’ve got some meat in the fridge.) 我们冰箱里另有些肉。

She has got some chocolate. (肯定句) 她有一些巧克力。She hasn’t got any chocolate. (否认句) 她没有巧克力。Has she got any chocolate? (一般疑问句) 她有一些巧克力吗? Yes, she has. 是的,她有。

No, she hasn’t. 不,她没有。2. have/has got与there be句型。两者民“有”相关,have/has got表现“拥有,有”,即一种所属关系,主语通常是人或机构、组织等;there be句型的“有”表现某地有某物或某人,强调的是一种客观存在,主语是there be句型后的名词或代词。Tony has got two basketballs. 托尼有两个篮球。

There are two basketballs behind the door. 门后面有两个篮球。注意:表现机构或组织“有”时,there be句型或have/has got有时可以通用。

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Our school has a large playground. 我们学校有一个大操场。There is a large playground in our school. 我们学校里有一个大操场。语法专练 句型转换 1. She has got some chocolate. (改为否认句) She _______ _______ ________ chocolate. 2. I have got some rice for meals everyday. (改为一般疑问句并做否认回覆) ________ ________ _________ ________ rice for meals every day? ________, ________ ________. 3. Our school has six buildings. (改为同义句) _______ ________ _________ ________ in our school. some, any的用法 some表达的是一个确定的观点,表现“一些”,因此常用于肯定句中;当我们不知道是否有某物/人时,用any。any常用于疑问句或否认句中,强调“任何”。

some, any既可以修饰可数名词也可以修饰不行数名词。We’ve got some noodles for breakfast. 我们早餐吃面条。

Have you got any noodles for breakfast? 你早餐吃面条了吗? There isn’t any furniture in the new house. 在新房里没有任何的家具。注意:some用于疑问句时,是说话者持肯定的语气,希望获得肯定的回覆;any用于肯定句时,起强调作用,表现“任何”。The fish is delicious. Would you like some? 这鱼很适口。

你想要一些吗? Any time is OK. I’m free. 任何时间都行,我有空。语法专练 用some和any填空。

1. Are there _______ maps on the wall? Yes, there are. 2. Have you got ______ uncles? Yes, and I have got _______ aunts too. 3. There is ______ meat and fish for lunch. 4. We haven’t got _______ beef. Let’s buy _______. 5. Is there ________ cheese? No, there isn’t _______. 可数句词与不行数名词 一、名词的分类。英语名词与汉语名词差别,有可数和不行数之分。

有些物质名词和抽象名词如water水,milk牛奶,meat肉,rice米饭,time时间,work事情等,属于不行数名词,即无法用详细的数词来修饰; 有些名词是可数名词,如boy男孩,girl女孩,student学生,desk桌子,potato土豆,building修建物等,可加详细的数词来修饰,如two boys两个男孩,some buildings一些修建物等。二、常见的可数名词单数变复数的规则 单数变复数分为规则变化和不规则变化两种。

1. 规则变化如下表: 条件 变化形式 例词 一般情况 直接加-s pen-pens, map-maps, noodle- noodles 以s, x, ch, sh末端的单词 加-es bus-buses, box-boxes, wash-washes, watch-watches 以“辅音字母+y”末端的单词 把y酿成i,再加-es country-countries, baby-babies, story-stories, family-families 以o末端的单词 有生命的单词加-es hero-heroes,potato-potatoes, tomato-tomatoes 无生命的单词加-s piano-pianos, radio-radios, photo-photos 以f或fe末端的单词 把f、fe酿成-ves knife-knives, leaf-leaves, life-lives 2. 不规则变化需要特殊影象,如child-children儿童,woman-women女人,foot-feet脚,tooth-teeth牙齿等,另有Chinese中国人,Japanese日本人,sheep羊等单复数同形。语法专练 用所有单词的适当形式填空。1. There ______(be) some _________ (potato) and _________ (tomato) here. 2. Where _______(be) the milk? I want some _______ (milk) with ______ (sugar). 3. Many ________ (child) like cola. But cola and ice cream ______ (be) not healthy. 4. There _______ (be) meat and fish for dinner. Meat and fish _______ (be) healthy. 5. What have we got at home? We’ve got lots of _______ (fruit) and __________ (vegetable). 6. How many _________ (woman) teachers are there in your school? 7. I want to eat ________ (noodle) with some _______ egg. 8. Some sweet food _______ (be) not good for your ________ (teeth). Module 5 My school Day 行为动词的一般现在时 1. 行为动词也叫实义动词,即具有明确行动意义的动词。和系动词be纷歧样,行为动词在句中可以独立作谓语。

而系动词be要和后面的的表语一起组成系表结构作谓语。We are all busy on weekdays. 我们在事情日都很忙。Lingling’s mother works at the theatre 玲玲的妈妈在剧院事情。

I do my homework after super and go to bed at ten o’clock. 晚饭后我做作业,在10点钟上床睡觉。2. 行为动词分为及物动词和不及物动词,及物动词后面跟宾语,即行动的工具。

不及物动词后面不能直接跟宾语。(1)后面必须跟宾语意义才完整的实义动词,叫做及物动词(transitive verb,缩写vt.) We start lessons at half past one in the afternoon. 我们下午1点半开始上课。

How long can I keep the book? 这本书我可以借多久呢? (2)自己意义完整,后面不须跟宾语的实义动词,叫做不及物动词(intransitive verb,缩写vi.)。若不及物动词后要跟宾语,必须先在其后添加上某个介词,如to,of ,at等后方可跟上宾语。详细每个动词后究竟加什么介词就得联系动词短语了。

Birds can fly. 小鸟会飞。Many people wait at the station. 许多人在车站期待。

Please listen to me. 请听我说。3. 英语中经常重复发生的行动用一般现在时态。行为动词一般现在时的疑问句或否认句要借助于助动词do/does来组成。第三人称单数用does。

酿成疑问句时把do/does提前;变否认句时,在do/does后面加not,可以缩写为don’t/doesn’t。I have breakfast at 7 o’clock. (肯定句) 我早上七点吃早餐。I don’t have breakfast at 7 o’clock. (否认句) 我不是早上七点吃早餐。

Do you have breakfast at 7 o’clock? (一般疑问句) 你是早上七点吃早餐吗? Yes, I do. 是的,我是。No, I don’t. 不,我不是。She goes to school today. (肯定句) 今天她去学校。She doesn’t go to school today. (否认句) 今天她不去学校。

Does she go to school today? (一般疑问句) 今天她去学校吗? Yes, she does. 是的,她去。No, she doesn’t. 不,她不去。

语法专练 按要求完成下列各题。1. I do my homework in the evening. (改为一般疑问句) ________ _________ _________ _________ _________ in the evening? 2. They play football in the playground in the morning. (改为否认句) ________ _________ _________ _________ in the playground in the morning. 3. We go to school at half past one. (对画线的部门提问) _______________________________________________________________ 4. Do you start work at eight o’clock? (作出肯定和否认回覆) ________, _______ ________. ________, _______ ________. 时间表达法 1. 表现几点钟用基数词加可以省略的o’clock。5:00 读作five o’clock 或 five 2. 表现“几点过几分”,在分钟后加past,再加小时(用于不凌驾半点时)。

6:07 读作 seven past six 六点过七分 8:10 读作 ten past eight 八点过十分 7:30 读作 half past seven 七点半 9:15 读作 a quarter past nine 九点过一刻 3. 表现“几点差几分”,在分钟后面加to,再加小时(用于凌驾半点时)。7:50 读作 ten to seven 差十分钟八点 11:55 读作 five to twelve 差五分钟十二点 10:45读作 a quarter to eleven 差十五分钟十一点 4. 直接表达法。以小时、分钟为单元划分读出数学。数字“0”读作字字母“O”,而不是zero。

6:31 读作 six thirty-one 10:26 读作 ten twenty-six 14:03 读作 fourteen o three 语法专练 用at,to,past写出下列时间 1. 4:00 ___________________ 2. 6:20 ___________________ 3. 8:30 ___________________ 4. 10:50 ___________________ 5. 7:45 ___________________ Module 6 A trip to the zoo 行为动词一般现在时第三人称单数的种种句式 1. 否认句式。行为动词一般现在时第三人称单数的否认句式是在动词前加does not组成,可以缩写成doesn’t。后跟动词原形。

即:主语+doesn’t+动词原形+其他。The elephant doesn’t eat meat. 大象不吃肉。She doesn’t like hamburgers. 她不喜欢吃汉堡包。2. 疑问句式。

行为动词一般现在时第三人称单数变为疑问句时,在句首加助动词does组成,后跟动词原形。即:Does +主语+动词原形+其他。其简略回覆形式用“Yes, 主语+助动词does”或“No, 主语+助动词does+not”。Does the elephant eat plants? 大象吃植物吗? Yes, it does. 是的,它吃。

No, it doesn’t. 不,它不吃。注意:在以have 或has为主要动词的句子中,可以直接将动词have或has提前放于句首组成一般疑问句,也可以在句首加动词do或does组成,have或has一律用原形have。The zoo has got many kinds of animals. 这个动物园里有许多种动物。

Has the zoo got many kinds of animals? 这个动物园里有许多种动物吗? Does the zoo have got many kinds of animals? 这个动物园里有许多种动物吗? 3. 行为动词的第三人称单数的组成。一般情况下直接加s work--works, read--reads, like--likes 以“辅音字母+o”末端加es go--goes, do--does 以s, x, ch, sh末端加es wash--washes, watch--watches 以“辅音字母+y”末端,把y酿成i,再加es。study--studies, carry--carries 语法专练 一、用所给动词的适当形式填空。1. ________(do) pandas _________ (come) from China? 2. He _________(watch) TV in the evening. 3. _______(do) the monkey ________(eat) bananas? 4. _______(do) he ________(have) an MP3? 5. _______(be) the tiger good at swimming? 6. The elephant ________(not eat) meat. 二、句型转换,每空一词。

1. The monkey eats meat. (改为一般疑问句并作回覆) ________ the monkey _________ meat? ________, _________ _________. 2. He has got a big family. (改为一般疑问句) ________ he got a big family? 3. The panda doesn’t have much food. (改为肯定句) The panda _________ much food. 4. Monkeys like swimming. (改为一般疑问句) _________ monkeys _________ swimming? 5. My sister likes the zebra. (改为否认句) My sister ________ like the zebra. Module 7 Computers 行为动词的特殊疑问句 行为动词用于特殊疑问句有两种结构形式:陈述句句型和疑问句句型。1. 陈述句句型包罗两种情况:未完……需要完整资料请关注并回复资料,免费获取完整版资料。


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